Theories of Social Inequality
Theories on Social Inequality5
Module Notes: Understanding Inequality
Food Line at Homeless Shelter
Conflict theory was developed by Karl Marx as a means of describing the changes from a feudal system to a social class system. He argued that a capitalistic society divides people into two categories: the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. The bourgeoisie owns the means of production and the proletariat are the workers who earn merely “subsistence wages.” He argued that these social classes increase and perpetuate inequality and oppression because one’s relationship to the means of production becomes the defining point in one’s self-identity. In fact, capitalism depends on inequality because it needs a source of cheap labor to survive, and to increase the returns to capital, or profits, the bourgeoisie must drive the working proletariat into wage slavery, reducing their pay to the lowest level possible. Per Marx, the only way to end inequality would be to end capitalism. Structural Functionalists focus on social stability. Davis and Moore argued that inequality exists because not all jobs are created equal. They argued that society sets a higher value on jobs that are essential to the survival of the society. Davis and Moore argued that the more important the job is to society, the higher the wages associated with that job will become. Symbolic Interactionists explore how we learn values within a social class and how this leads to a class identity. Bourdieu argued that we reproduce social life. Social reproduction means that wealth and status are inherited as cultural capital. If your mother is a physician, she may raise you with the expectation that you will be a physician. This childhood expectation will increase the likelihood that you will go to medical school. Symbolic Interactionists build on this idea with Goffman’s notion of everyday class consciousness. He argued that we learn the social cues for our class behaviors. We become aware of these behaviors and look for them in the behaviors of others.
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason may is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Our essay writers are graduates with diplomas, bachelor, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college diploma. When assigning your order, we match the paper subject with the area of specialization of the writer.
Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.
You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.Read more
Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.Read more
Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.Read more
Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.Read more
By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.Read more