The Scope Of Pathophysiology Introduction



Understanding a disease and disease
process requires the knowledge of the body’s normal anatomy and physiological
processes. The advent of technology has led to newer ways of diagnosing
diseases. Nonetheless, incorporating complete history taking and physical
examination still forms the basis of diagnosing diseases. With all these
combined, better diagnosis and management of diseases are assured, leading to
good patient outcomes. This essay will discuss the pathophysiology, diagnostic
principles, and the role of inflammation and healing.

of Pathophysiology

with Cardiac Recovery and Function

The respiratory and cardiovascular systems
are interlinked both anatomically and functionally (Kochhar, et al.,2019). Whereas
the function of the cardiovascular system is to supply blood to the body parts,
the respiratory system ensures the supplied blood is oxygenated. Poor
ventilation affects the oxygenation of blood. When body cells, including
myocytes, are exposed to hypoxia through neural and hormonal mechanisms, the
body compensates for tissue hypoxia through various mechanisms. Among these
mechanisms is the increased cardiac output which increases the workload in an
ailing heart.

Additionally, Impaired ventilation
affects cardiovascular function by increasing lung volume hence increasing
metabolic demands that require compensation by the heart. Recovering cardiac
diseases requires a decreased cardiac workload and (Kochhar,
et al.,2019). Normal cardiac functioning requires proper ventilation, without
which the heart compensates by increasing the heart rate detrimental to an
ailing heart.

Treatment of cardiac disease is
multidimensional. It requires a combination of pharmacologic, surgical,
nutritional, lifestyle modification, counselling, and physiotherapy
interventions. Medications, pulmonary rehabilitation, and any other activity
aimed to improve ventilation, in turn, improve cardiac function and enhance
recovery. Strategies required to improve recovery include patient education on the
compliance of medication. It is also important that the patient be linked with
support groups. Research shows that rehabilitation programs increase drug
compliance, reduce morbidity and better patient outcomes (Epstein, et
al.,2020). Patient awareness is the key strategy for the success of other

Interprofessional collaboration is key
in patients care. Surgeons, physicians, cardiologists, nurses, nutritionists, pharmacists,
social workers, and physiotherapists enhance patient outcomes (Epstein, et
al.,2020). The nurse monitors the patient and provides individualized health
promotion through health education and awareness. A cardiologist is responsible
for routine follow up and care of the patient. Radiologists aid in the
interpretation of imaging results and communicating with the physicians.
General surgeons function to intervene in cases of exploratory surgeries.
Pharmacists are important in providing and to the
patient. The physiotherapist provides chest therapy rehabilitation. The
nutritionist is essential for nutritional counselling for a patient with
cardiac disease. A multidisciplinary approach is vital for a good prognosis

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