ad the following sentence:
“Finished files are the result of years of scientific study combined with the experience of many years.”
Now that you have read the above sentence, count the number of “f’s” in the sentence. What is your initial response, did you count 2 f’s? 3 f’s? or more? Did you have to count more than once to arrive at the correct answer? (the correct answer is 6) This simple activity is a demonstration of how quickly the brain senses and perceives information – sometimes accurately, sometimes not so accurately.
For True/False items, answer either T or F in the space provided. If the response is false, give a brief explanation (a sentence at the very least) that supports the false response. The explanation should be based on information from the course textbook. True/False items are 2 points each – false responses that are not followed by an explanation will receive zero credit.
Chapter 6: True/False
1. _____ Behaviorists study the differences between conscious and unconscious thought.
2. _____ In Pavlov’s experiments, the conditioned response was very similar to the unconditioned response.
3. _____ Both positive and negative reinforcement increase the probability of a behavior.
4. _____ If you have received reinforcement only occasionally for some action, your response will extinguish faster than it will for someone who received reinforcement every time.
5. _____ In operant conditioning, the procedure for extinction is simply to stop providing reinforcement.
Chapter 7: True/False
1. _____ Brain damage that impairs declarative memory will also impair procedural memory.
2. _____ A sequential lineup, in which a witness makes a yes/no judgment on each suspect, one at a time, decreases the probability of falsely identifying an innocent person.
3. _____ People tend to lose semantic memories more quickly and easily than they lose episodic memories.
4. _____ Moderately strong emotion at the time of learning something enhances your probability of remembering it later.
5. _____ If you want to remember something for as long as possible, and you plan to spend 10 hours studying, it is best to study the material for 10 hours all at once.
Chapter 9: True/False
1. _____ In most cases, fluid intelligence continues to increase throughout a person’s lifetime.
2. _____ Research has demonstrated that it is important for educators to determine a child’s learning style and then educate some children visually and others verbally.
3. _____ A five-year-old who has a Stanford-Binet IQ score of 116 is more intelligent than an eight-year-old who also scores 116.
4. _____ Comparisons of monozygotic and dizygotic twins imply a genetic contribution to differences in IQ performance.
5. _____ It is possible for a test to have high reliability and low validity.
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