Race and Ethnic Distribution

Race and Ethnic Distribution*

*May not total to 100% due to rounding.

Unknown (refused to

answer) 5.2%

Christian 76%

Religious Affiliation

Jewish 1.2%

Muslim 0.6%

Buddhist 0.5%

Other 1.5%

Nonreligious 15%

Under $15,000 13%

$15,000 to $24,999 12%

$25,000 to $34,999 11.1%

$35,000 to $49,999 14.1%

$50,000 to $74,999 18%

$75,000 to $99,999


Over $100,000 20.1%

Hispanic 16.3% White (Non-Hispanic) 63.7%

African American (Non-Hispanic) 12.6%

Asianc 4.8%

Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islandersb 0.2%

American Indian/ Alaska Native 0.9%

● FIGURE 3.2 HETEROGENEITY OF U.S. SOCIETY Throughout history, the United States has been heterogeneous. Today, we represent a wide diversity of social categories, including our religious affiliations, income levels, and racial/ ethnic categories. aIn Census Bureau terminology, a household consists of people who occupy a housing unit. bIncludes Native Hawaiian, Guamanian or Chamarro, Samoan, and other Pacific Islanders. cIncludes Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Asian, Indian, Korean, Vietnamese, and other Asians.

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau, 2011g; Humes, Jones, and Ramirez, 2011.

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PTER 3 |




Americans, Lady Gaga fans, Muslims, and motor- cycle enthusiasts. However, many sociological stud- ies of subcultures have limited the scope of inquiry to more-visible, distinct subcultures such as the Old Order Amish and ethnic enclaves such as Little Saigon or Little Gaza to see how participants in sub- cultures interface with the dominant U.S. culture. Let’s take a brief look at the Old Order Amish, a classic sociological example.

The Old Order Amish Having arrived in the United States in the early 1700s, members of the Old Order Amish have fought to maintain their distinct identity. Today, most of the Amish live in Pennsyl- vania, Ohio, and Indiana, where they practice their religious beliefs and remain in a relatively closed social network. According to sociologists, this reli- gious community is a subculture because its mem- bers share values and norms that differ from those of people who primarily identify with the dominant culture. The Amish have a strong faith in God and reject worldly concerns. Their core values include the joy of work, the primacy of the home, faithful- ness, thriftiness, tradition, and humility. The Amish hold a conservative view of the family, believing

that women are subordinate to men, birth control is unacceptable, and wives should remain at home. Children (about seven per family) are cherished and seen as an economic asset: They help with the farm- ing and other work. Many of the Old Order Amish speak Pennsylvania Dutch (a dialect of German) as well as English. They dress in traditional clothing, live on farms, and rely on the horse and buggy for transportation.

The Amish are aware that they share distinctive values and look different from other people; these differences provide them with a collective identity and make them feel close to one another. The belief system and group cohesiveness of the Amish remain strong despite the intrusion of corporations and tourists, the vanishing farmlands, and increasing levels of government regulation in their daily lives (Schaefer and Zellner, 2010).

0 100 Miles100 Miles0

0 100 Miles

Ancestry with largest population in county

Ancestry with largest population in state


see categories below
















OTHER: Chinese (San Francisco County, CA) Cuban (Miami-Dade County, FL) Dominican (New York County, NY) Filipino (Kauai and Maui counties, HI) French Canadian (Androskoggin County, ME) Hawaiian (Kalawao County, HI) Japanese (Hawaii State; Honolulu County, HI) Polish (Luzerne County, PA) Portugese (Bristol County, MA and Bristol County, RI)

0 100 Miles

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