Location Duration Quantity and Quality of Pain



Pain Assessment



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Pain Assessment
Location, Duration, Quantity, and Quality of Pain
After conducting my sister’s mastalgia (breast pain) assessment, the following findings were made. The pain was located in the upper exterior part of the breast (left and right). The pain lasts for one week and goes away at the end of the week. Sometimes the pain can be moderate or severe. The pain is usually chronic because it has never lasted for more than one week.
The patient has experienced recurring pain in her breast for more than ten years. The pain occurs in a cycle of 28 days. The pain is at its peak during the end of a 28 days cycle. Nevertheless, the pain starts to go away at the beginning of the next cycle of 28 days. Also, the patient recalls that the pain intensified after she started using a hormonal implant as a means of birth control.
Aggravating Factors
One of the reported aggravating factors for breast pain is changes in hormonal balance in the body. My sister reported that pain elevates at the onset of the cycle. Nevertheless, the pain reduces or disappears during menses. Another aggravating factor is hormonal-based contraceptives such as implants and daily family control pills. The use of these contraceptives causes an influx of estrogen hormone, thus causing abnormal breast swelling and pain (Barcikowska et al., 2020). Furthermore, lack of physical activity and excess body weight can intensify the pain.
Associated Phenomena and Alleviating Factors
Cyclic breast pain is related to the menstrual cycle resulting in hormonal imbalance. Some of the the use of the . The first is placing ice on the top outer breasts. Also, the breast can be massaged gently to relieve pain.











Barcikowska,Z., Rajkowska-Labon,E., Grzybowska,M.E., Hansdorfer-Korzon,R., & Zorena,K. (2020). Inflammatory markers in dysmenorrhea and therapeutic options.International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health,17(4), 1191.https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17041191













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