Housing needs in rural areas and native lands

HOUSING NEEDS IN RURAL AREAS AND NATIVE LANDS Households living outside metropolitan areas have their own set of housing challenges. Poverty is widespread, affecting 18 percent of the non-metro population and 29 percent of people living in tribal areas. Indeed, poverty rates across all age and racial/ethnic groups are higher in non-metro than metro areas. In 2013, 41 percent of very low-income homeowners in non- metro areas were severely housing cost burdened, along with 48 percent of very low-income renters.

Substandard housing is a particular problem in these areas. Compared with the typical US unit, housing in non-metro areas is two times more likely to have incomplete plumbing, while housing in tribal tracts is five times more likely to lack this basic function (Figure 37). While manufactured homes can be an important source of affordable housing in non-metro areas, 29 percent of the occupied stock in 2013 was built before HUD set federal design and construction standards in 1976. Of these older homes, 8 percent are categorized as inadequate.

Yet another housing challenge in rural areas is the high concen- tration of older adults, with 17 percent of the non-metro popu- lation age 65 and over compared with 13 percent of the metro population. The supply of accessible housing in these areas is limited, with just under a third having both no-step entries and single-floor living.

Meanwhile, federal housing assistance for non-metro house- holds remains modest. As of 2012, USDA halted new construc- tion of affordable rental housing through Section 515, leaving only the Section 514/516 Farmworker Housing program to finance new units in rural areas. In addition, using the LIHTC

Notes: Low-/middle-/high-income census tracts have median incomes under 80%/80–125%/more than 125% of metro area medians. Data include 117 metro areas with populations of 500,000 or more in 2007. Source: K. Bischoff and S. Reardon, The Continuing Increase in Income Segregation, 2007–2012, Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2016.

Census Tract Type ● Low Income ● Middle Income ● High Income

1970 1980 1990 2000 2012

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

Income Segregation Has Steadily Increased Over the Last Four Decades Share of Family Households (Percent)

FIGURE 36

 

 

THE STATE OF THE NATION’S HOUSING 201636

program to expand the supply of affordable rental housing in these areas can be difficult, given that states generally give pri- ority to projects located near public transit and services. Federal assistance for rural homeowners is also increasingly limited, with funding for USDA’s Section 502 direct loan program falling from $34 million in FY2005 to about $28 million in FY2015.

Get professional assignment help cheaply

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason may is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Our essay writers are graduates with diplomas, bachelor, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college diploma. When assigning your order, we match the paper subject with the area of specialization of the writer.

Why choose our academic writing service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

 

 

 

 

 

 

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
$26
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Urgency
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
1
You can contact our live agent via WhatsApp! Via +1 817 953 0426

Feel free to ask questions, clarifications, or discounts available when placing an order.
  +1 (301) 710 0002           + 44 161 818 7126           [email protected]
  + 44 161 818 7126         [email protected]