Review the attached case study and analyze and interpret the case appropriately. follow the rubric please. Address the points below in your response.
Mrs. Guadalupe Hernandez, age 65, has been hospitalized for complications of her diabetes. She was diagnosed with adult onset diabetes mellitus (AODM) since age 51. She takes glyburide 10 mg q.d. She does not have a home glucose monitor. Last week she developed an ulcer on her left great toe, which she has been treating at home. She is unable to visualize her feet well, but she thinks it’s getting worse. She noticed some red streaks on her ankle yesterday. The previous day at home she reports being very thirsty and needing to urinate frequently. Last evening she began feeling nauseated and vomited twice. When she came to the emergency room this morning she reported feeling very fatigued and had vomited once more. On physical exam, she has a fruity breath odor. Her vital signs are: T=100.1, P= 102, R= 28, BP= 96/62. Her BMI is 32. Initial nursing assessment reveals a tired-looking woman with little ability to answer questions. She states that she has not eaten or taken her medication since yesterday morning. Her breakfast that morning was two corn tortillas with cheddar cheese and refried beans, and two cups of coffee with milk and sugar. Her left great toe has a 5cm round ulcer that involves the full depth of the skin and is bright red in color with a small amount of yellow-green exudate. The surrounding area is indurated and hot to the touch. Red streaks are present from her ankle to mid-calf. She has little feeling in her feet, and admits that the ulcer may have been present for some time.
Tests done in the emergency department indicate:
Blood glucose: 480 mg/dL
Serum bicarbonate: 12 mEq/L
Serum positive for ketones
Potassium: 3.7 mEq/L
Sodium: 140 mEq/L
Calcium 10 mg/dL
Leukocyte count is 22,000 U/L, with a shift to the left
POINTS TO PONDER:
1. Which lab values are abnormal?
2. What clinical manifestations correspond to the abnormal values?
3. Describe the changes (pathophysiology) in the body causing each abnormal value and link the value to a clinical manifestation present in the patient?
4. Which values are within normal limits?
5. What nursing care needs to be implemented?
6. Provide one nursing diagnosis appropriate to this patient.
|Case Study Rubric|
|This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeAbnormal Values
What do the labs indicate specific to this patient
|This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeLab values and signs and symptoms
The relationship between the abnormal Signs & Symptoms and lab values is clearly demonstrated. **Must be specific**
|This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomePathophysiology
Pathophysiology used to demonstrate connections between lab results, manifestations and disease process.
|This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeNursing Care
Expected care to be given for exhibited s/s and lab values. Expected correction of lab values based on care given. Patient education to prevent recurrence of abnormal lab values.
|This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeOverall Quality
Grammar, spelling, APA…
|Total Points: 10.0|
Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.
You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.Read more
Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.Read more
Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.Read more
Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.Read more
By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.Read more