According to the American Diabetes Association, nearly 26 million children and adults have been diagnosed with diabetes in the United States. Approximately 2 million more are diagnosed every year, with another 79 million people considered to be at a pre-diabetic state (ADA, 2011). These millions of people are at risk of several alterations including heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, neuropathy, and blindness. Since diabetes has a major impact on the health of millions of people around the world, it is essential for advanced practice nurses to understand the pathophysiology and associated alterations of this disorder, as well as treatment and management options. In this Assignment, you compare types of diabetes, including drug treatments for type 1, type 2, gestational, and juvenile diabetes.
Review this weeks media presentation on the endocrine system and diabetes, as well as Chapter 45 of the Poole Arcangelo and Peterson text and the Peterson, et al, article in your Learning Resources.
Think about the differences in the pathophysiology of types of diabetes, including type 1, type 2, gestational, and juvenile diabetes.
Select one type of diabetes.
Consider one type of drug used to treat the type of diabetes you selected, including proper preparation and administration of this drug. Then, reflect on to treatment.
Think about the short-term and long-term impact on patients of the type of diabetes you selected, including effects of drug treatments.
Review the American Diabetes Associations Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes2012 web article in your Learning Resources. Consider one technique you would use to educate patients on these diabetes treatment standards.
Write a 3- to 4-page paper that addresses the following:
Explain the differences in the pathophysiology of types of diabetes, including type 1, type 2, gestational, and juvenile diabetes.
Describe one type of drug used to treat the type of diabetes you selected, including proper preparation and administration of this drug. Be sure to also include dietary considerations related to treatment.
Explain the short-term and long-term impact on patients of the type of diabetes you selected, including effects of drug treatments.
Describe one technique you would use to educate patients on the Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes.
*Kindly put introduction, purpose of the paper, the content of the answered questions, summary/conclusion, and references (Put headings on it).
*Please utilize my resources below at least three references on the list and you can add more at least 3 in your own resources
Huether, S. E., & McCance, K. L. (2012).Understanding pathophysiology(Laureate custom ed.).St. Louis, MO: Mosby.
oChapter 17, Mechanisms of Hormonal Regulation
This chapter explores mechanisms of hormonal regulation and the structure and function of the endocrine glands. It provides a foundation for examining alterations of the endocrine system, as well as the effects of aging on the endocrine glands.
oChapter 18, Alterations of Hormonal Regulation
This chapter begins with an explanation of the mechanisms of hormonal alterations. It then discusses alterations of the hypothalamic-pituitary system, as well as thyroid, parathyroid, endocrine, pancreas, and adrenal functions. It also covers the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, and evaluation and treatment of type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
oChapter 36, Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System
This chapter covers the structure and function of bones, joints, and skeletal muscle. It also explores the effects of aging on the musculoskeletal system.
oChapter 37, Alterations of Musculoskeletal Function
This chapter examines the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, and evaluation and treatment of bone, joints, and skeletal muscle disorders. Additionally, it explores musculoskeletal tumors, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis.
oChapter 38, Alterations of Musculoskeletal Function in Children
This chapter includes musculoskeletal disorders that affect children, such as congenital defects, bone infection, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, muscular dystrophy, musculoskeletal tumors, and nonaccidental trauma.
Poole Arcangelo, V., & Peterson, A. M. (Eds.). (2013).Pharmacotherapeutics for advanced practice: A practical approach(3rd ed.). Ambler, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
oChapter 36, Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis
This chapter examines the causes, pathophysiology, and diagnostic criteria of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. It then outlines the process of selecting, administering, and managing drug therapy for both disorders.
oChapter 37, Fibromyalgia
This chapter explores the causes, pathophysiology, and diagnostic criteria of fibromyalgia. It then covers the process of selecting, administering, and managing drug therapy for this disorder.
oChapter 45, Diabetes Mellitus
This chapter begins by identifying the causes, pathophysiology, and diagnostic criteria of diabetes mellitus. It then examines the process of selecting, administering, and managing drug therapy for patients with diabetes mellitus.
oChapter 46, Thyroid Disorders
This chapter explores the causes, pathophysiology, diagnostic criteria, and administration of drug therapy for patients with thyroid disorders, including hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, thyroid nodules, subclinical thyroid disease, and thyroiditis. It also discusses the mechanisms of prescribed drugs, as well as proper dosages and potential adverse reactions.
Ben-Zacharia, A. B. (2011). Therapeutics for multiple sclerosis symptoms.The Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine,78(2), 176191.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
This article covers the diagnosis, treatment, and management of multiple sclerosis. It also explores methods for treating other health issues that arise from multiple sclerosis.
Kargiotis, O., Paschali, A., Messinis, L., & Papathanasopoulos, P. (2010). Quality of life in multiple sclerosis: Effects of current treatment options.International Review of Psychiatry,22(1), 6782.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
This article examines the process of evaluating and diagnosing patients who present with symptoms of multiple sclerosis. It also explores treatment and rehabilitation methods.
Peterson, K., Silverstein, J., Kaufman, F., & Warren-Boulton, E. (2007). Management of type 2 diabetes in youth: An update.American Family Physician,76(5), 658664.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
This article outlines the process of diagnosing, treating, and managing youths who have or are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes. It also suggests methods for body-weight management and reducing cardiovascular disease risks.
American Diabetes Association. (2012b). Standards of medical care in diabetes2012 [Online report]. Retrieved fromThis article reviews the classification, diagnosis, testing, prevention, and treatment of diabetes. It also explores factors that impact the onset of diabetes, as well as alternative non-drug treatment options.
Drugs.com. (2012). Retrieved fromThis website presents a comprehensive review of prescription and , including information on common uses and potential side effects. It also provides updates relating to new drugs on the market, support from health professionals, and a .
Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2012c).. Baltimore, MD: Author.
This media presentation explores the endocrine system and diabetes including diagnosis and treatment of the disease.
American Diabetes Association. (2012a). Retrieved from
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). Retrieved August 10, 2012, from
The Endocrine Society. (2012). Retrieved from
Haymarket Media, Inc. (2012). Monthly prescribing reference [Online database]. Retrieved from
The Hormone Health Network. (2012). Retrieved from
Institute for Safe Medication Practices. (2012). Retrieved from
Medscape. (2012). Retrieved from
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