External link to Hypotheses and research questions

Hypotheses and research questions

HYPOTHESES AND RESEARCH QUESTIONS This research examines the effects of incivility and anonymity within the context of news stories that are less dramatic and polarizing than health care reform or partisan politics. The topic of a news story has been found to be related to the number of comments it generates and their incivility. For example, political figures were likely to attract an inordinate number […]

External link to Social Presence Theory discussion

Social Presence Theory discussion

Social Presence Theory Social presence theory addresses how interfaces and design affect social presence, loosely defined as the “sense of being with another” (Biocca, Harms, & Burgoon, 2003, p. 456). Scholars in the field of human–computer interaction use social presence theory to consider how differences in interfaces affect the sense of social presence. Increasing social presence is often a design goal of interfaces and games—which […]

External link to The effects of anonymous comments

The effects of anonymous comments

Anonymity Anonymity is another important consideration in online behavior and is often considered a factor encouraging incivility (Borah, 2013; Scott, Rains, & Haseki, 2011). Journalists generally dislike anonymity in reader comments, although some journalists report that comments are useful to generate story ideas or get feedback (Reader, 2012; Santana, 2011). Readers recognize the vitriolic nature of online comments but favor allowing anonymous comments and view […]

External link to Incivility and Polarization discussion

Incivility and Polarization discussion

Incivility and Polarization Research on online discourse couches the study of incivility within the context of deliberative discussion and has focused on its effects on political polarization. This approach is grounded in an appreciation for deliberation as essential for a democratic society and a consideration of the potential for the Internet to enrich deliberation (Freelon, 2010). Like civility, deliberation has attracted a great deal of […]

External link to Civility and Politeness discussion

Civility and Politeness discussion

Civility and Politeness In research on online discourse there often is no clear distinction between civility (or incivility) and politeness (or impoliteness), about which there is a rich literature (Watts, 2005). There is a fair amount of confusion between the terms, and they are defined differently by different groups. For example, Reader (2012) found a deep disconnect about the definition of civility between newspaper journalists […]

External link to The role of civility and anonymity

The role of civility and anonymity

THE ROLE OF CIVILITY AND ANONYMITY 527     LITERATURE REVIEW Incivility The Internet did not introduce incivility. American public life has often been uncivil, and observers believe it grew more so in the 1990s. Incivility in public debate and public institutions and negative political advertising increased (summarized in Brooks & Geer, 2007) and has caused great concern among scholars, nonprofit foundations, and public officials […]

External link to The Role of Civility and Anonymity on Perceptions

The Role of Civility and Anonymity on Perceptions

The Role of Civility and Anonymity on Perceptions of Online Comments Joseph Graf School of Communication American University Joseph Erba and Ren-Whei Harn William Allen White School of Journalism and Mass Communications The University of Kansas An experiment was conducted (N = 170) to determine the role of civility and anonymity in online comments received for a news story. Dependent variables were (a) interest in […]

External link to Copyright of health communication

Copyright of health communication

HEALTH COMMUNICATION 723   http://dx.doi.org/10.4088/JCP.v64n0105 http://dx.doi.org/10.4088/JCP.v64n0105 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167204264654 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01939.x http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01939.x http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/ps.2009.60.9.1203 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13811119808258290 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/001872675400700202 http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053870 http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053870   Fu, K. W., & Yip, P. S. (2007). Long-term impact of celebrity suicide on suicidal ideation: Results from a population-based study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 61, 540–546. doi:10.1136/ jech.2005.045005 Fu, K. W., & Yip, P. S. (2009). Estimating the risk for suicide following the suicide deaths of 3 […]

External link to Study limitations associations

Study limitations associations

Study limitations This study has limitations. First, the sample used in the study was small. Due to the resulting lack of statistical power, we cannot rule out the presence of undetected associations. Furthermore, we did not assess long-term effects. It has been shown that effects of media materials can stretch over a long time period, and may even influence suicidal behavior months after the actual […]

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