Analyzing a Journal
Your name: Date:
Impact of Racial Microaggressions on Mental Health: Counseling Implications for
Clients of Color.
Step 1. What is the
purpose/hypothesis/aim/objective of the study?
a. Write down the exact statement in which
the authors describe what they were
testing. (Hint: This information
may be provided in the article as a
purpose statement or hypothesis). Include quotation
marks around the exact wording, and indicate page
We conducted correlation and linear
regression analyses to test the hypothesis that racial microaggressions would
have a negative relationship with mental health. (p 60)
b. Now describe the purpose of the study
(as you understand it) in your own words.
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the
link between racial microaggressions and psychological health.
c. What was the gap in the research that
the authors were trying to fill by doing their
authors were trying to fill the gap of insufficient studies on the effects of
microaggressions on people of colors psychological health.
Step 2. What is/are
the major finding(s) of the
a. Make some notes about the authors major conclusions or findings written in the
article. Include quotation marks
whenever you use their exact wording, and indicate page
According to the findings of
the research, “there is a negative” substantial
association “between racial microaggressions and mental health.” (p
specific “microaggressions” may be linked to bad “mental
health” effects. For example, when people are subjected to
“microaggressions” as a result of being viewed as
“.” (p 62)
larger “cumulative racial microaggression” episodes indicated
depression “symptoms and affect.” (p 62)
may use this information to expand their knowledge of intercultural
competency by knowing that various “racial groups may experience
different sorts of microaggressions” and that various types of
“microaggressions may affect clients in different ways.” (p 63).
b. Now write those conclusions (as you understand them) in your own words.
Based on the research results, there is a
significant negative relationship between racial microaggressions and
psychological health. Persons who witness and experience racial prejudice
regularly are more prone to experience negative mental health conditions.
People may exhibit mental health difficulties if exposed to unfavorable
stereotypes like being treated as second-class citizens, being dismissed, and
being perceived as similar to others in their society. According to the
conclusions, experiencing microaggressions is linked to certain mental health
issues such as sadness and a scarcity of significant feelings.
Step 3. How did the authors test their
a. Briefly summarize the main steps or measurements that the authors used in
their methods. Try
to explain in your own words as much
In the study, five hundred and six persons
participated in the survey. One hundred thirty-one were males, the remainder
were women, and none were minors or older than sixty-six years. Although a
few volunteers did not answer, the majority were well-educated, with college
certificates and degrees and high school credentials. The main percentage of
the individuals identified as heterosexual, while some did not.
the study used two ways of recruitment. That is a psychology student pool,
group emails, and communal websites. In both methods, the snowball sampling
approach was utilized, and participants were urged to make ads regarding the
experiment to relevant groups. In addition, participants were requested to
complete a demographic questionnaire. A psychological health assessment was
utilized to measure good or bad mental state incidences.
b. Do the authors suggest any problems or limitations with their methodology? Do
you see any problems or
limitations with their methodology?
One of the major drawbacks of the study is
the likelihood that the samples employed may not usually relate to the whole
community because participants’ average age was twenty-four years, most were
students, and they largely resided in the Northeast. People’s views are utilized
to guide the procedures employed. As a result, they may not provide true
insights. This factor is particularly noteworthy since persons of color are
more likely to misstate mental health issues. As a result, alternative
techniques of tracking psychological wellbeing may be necessary.
c. How did the authors analyze their data? What
test/s did they use?
A demographic questionnaire was needed of
all participants. A psychological health assessment was utilized to measure
good or bad mental state instances. Furthermore, using the entry technique, a
linear segregation hypothesis was evaluated to investigate the possibility of
the influence of racial microaggressions on psychological health.
Step 4. How reliable are the results?
a. Do the authors suggest any problems with the study
that could lead to unreliable results?
Yes. People’s perceptions were utilized to
guide the procedures employed. As a result, they may not provide true
5. Are the claims made in this
journal article accurate based on your analysis?
a. Do the author’s conclusions made (about
the results) make sense to you? Are
the conclusions too broad or too
narrow based on what was done in the
In my own opinion, I think the conclusions
made are very narrow. Future research on the present data set could
investigate the impact of educational levels, age, and gender on racial
microaggression and mental wellness.
b. Based on the methodology’s accuracy and the
results’ reliability as described in Steps 3 and
4, do you think the conclusions can be believed?
Despite these limitations, I feel the
conclusions may be trusted. Racial microaggressions are linked to certain
mental wellness issues, such as sadness and lack of meaningful feelings.
This remark, in my opinion, is correct.
Step 6. What is the importance of this scientific work?
a. Write (in your own words) the
significant contributions of the experimental work in this
study was significant because various racial microaggressions were discussed
in detail and analyzed. Therefore, readers can learn and understand racism
better since most people do not consider themselves racist.
your notes and
explain why you
think this is
o a strong
or weak scientific article
o a strong or weak scientific study
article has a strong scientific basis. It is well-analyzed and simple to
understand. It contains comprehensive definitions and descriptions of
vocabulary and topics. The writers effectively depict various motifs of
racial microaggressions to demonstrate the reality of current prejudice
within racial minorities. The topics have been well stated, illustrated, and
proved. There are no uncertainties or misconceptions in this article.
I think the study has a . The samples employed may not
usually relate to the whole community because participants’ average age was
twenty-four years, most were students, and they largely resided in the
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